- 1. Looking at the title page of Andreas Vesaliusâ€™ De humani corporis fabrica (On the Fabric of the Human Body, 1543) (page 43 in The Illustration from The Works of Andreas Vesalius of Brussels), what are the symbols following the Galenic anatomic tradition and what are those of breaking from such a tradition? In the following plates in The Illustration from The Works of Andreas Vesalius of Brussels, what are the examples of physiological features demonstrate that Vesalius was still under Galenâ€™s influence? And why was that? Conversely, what are the anti-Galenic examples you can find in these plates?
- 2. The account of â€œAnatomical Examinations of the Body of Thomas Parrâ€ first appeared in the work of Dr. Betts, entitled: â€œDe Ortu et Natura Sanguinis,â€ (The Origin and Nature of Blood) 8vo, London, 1669. The manuscript was presented to Dr. Betts by Mr. Michael Harvey, nephew of the author, with whom Dr. Betts was â€œon terms of intimacy.â€ What was Harveyâ€™s main point? What do you think the purpose of which Harvey wrote this? What was at stake for him in this text? What evidence in the text tells you this?
- 3. In â€œAnatomical Examinations of the Body of Thomas Parr,â€ what was the cause of death of Thomas Parr, according to Harvey? How did Harvey determine it anatomically? How did Harvey associate the anatomical evidence with social, environmental, and other factors presented in the text to explain that Parr had this death coming? In the text, what was the historical context at the time that allowed Harvey to proceed with his anatomical examinations of Parrâ€™s corpse?
- 4. According to Andrews, what was the Confuciusâ€™s doctrine of preserving the body? How was Wang Qingren able to get around the Confucius prohibition of body mutilation? What scholarly traditions influenced Wang Qingrenâ€™s writing of Yi Lin Gai Cuo (Correcting the Errors of Medicine)? How did Wang conduct his anatomical studies (methods)? What were his methods different from those of the European anatomists (Andrea Vesalius, William Harvey, John Hunter, and so forth) Why is Wang Qingren important in the history of Chinese medicine?
- 5. According to Shin, what was the approach and sensibility that was specific to Korean physicians of the Joseon dynasty and different from the traditional Chinese medical anatomical representation? What was the basis of their understanding of human anatomy? What was the general attitude of Korean physicians toward dissection?
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